Samoyed is a smiling dog of North from Siberia, that melts people hearts. But do you know their true side?
HISTORY OF BREED
In early breed history, dogs was called ''bjelkiers'' and they belonged to nomadic people called Samoyeds inhabiting Taymyr Peninsula and frosty Siberia. Dogs herded reindeers and they were guarded dogs. Also they warmed people with their fur. Thanks to gentle character, those dogs went down in history as good babysitters . Nomadic people
reluctantly got rid of bjelkiers because of their functionality. In the later breed's history, bjelkiers were named ''samoyeds'' in honor of the nomadic people Samoyeds.
The first person who used samoyeds as tractive force was Nansen (1895 year). He spent couple months with this breed while staying at the North Pole. Thanks to him, samoyeds were used during the one of the most important expediction to Arctic. Despite the failure, those dogs went down in history.
Arctic expedition is often recognize as beginning of importing samoyeds to England. However, an article by the English newspaper The Queen proves otherwise; "The breed was first brought to England by Kilburn-Scott, a member of the Royal Zoological Society (RZS) in 1889 - his first dog was purchased in the Northwest Russian Province." That dog was Sabarka. Then another great dog was imported to England, which was used in expedition with Borchgrevink to Antarctica. This way in England was; biscuit female Whitey Petchora from Ural and snow-white male Musti from Siberia. They both started the breed that we know now. First samoyed litter in kennel came into the world in the late 90s XIX century.
In the beginning of breeding samoyeds they weren't only white or white with biscuit, but the favorite was Musti whose offspring was always snow-white. That type was most desirable.
Mr. and Mrs. Kilburn Scott have sacrificed their entire life to samoyed breeding. First breed standard was in 1909.
After fall of Russian Empire, during russian revolution after 1917 y, in native country of samoyeds (Russia) all sled dogs were exterminated because considered as a relic. Only dogs who were in distant nooks of north Siberia and in foreign kennels survived.
CH. ENG., KARA SEA, 1924
(MUSTAN OF FARNINGHAM x ZAHRINA OF NORKA)
CH. ENG., ZAHRA, 1912
( SOUTH POLE x VOLCHITSA )
First samoyeds in Poland were PAARGA JOENHALTIA and SAJAN ITANAN VARRO that beginned first generations of that breed in Poland. First litter was born in 1990 in kennel Albus owned by Mrs. Sarlej.